Insect antifeedant flavonoids from Gnaphalium affine D. Don

J Agric Food Chem. 2000 May;48(5):1888-91. doi: 10.1021/jf990282q.


The antifeedant flavonoids, 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,8,4'-pentamethoxyflavone (1), 5-hydroxy-3,6,7,8-tetramethoxyflavone (2), 5,6-dihydroxy-3, 7-dimethoxyflavone (3), and 4,4',6'-trihydroxy-2'-methoxychalcone (4), have been isolated from cudweed Gnaphalium affine D. Don (Compositae). Four natural flavonoids showed insect antifeedant activity against the common cutworm (Spodoptera litura F.). These flavonoids were detected in small amounts in the plant by HPLC analysis, but these natural compounds had strong antifeedant activity against the common cutworm. On the other hand, 4 was detected in a large amount in the plant, but this compound had only a slight activity. Therefore, these natural compounds were regarded as one of the plant's defensive systems against phytophagous insects along with the woolly plant surface. As for the structure-activity relationship, it is an advantage for antifeedant activity to have no oxy-substituents on the B-ring of the flavonoid but have an ether linkage such as a pyran in the chemical structure.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Asteraceae / chemistry*
  • Feeding Behavior / drug effects*
  • Flavonoids / chemistry
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology*
  • Insecta / drug effects*
  • Insecta / physiology
  • Insecticides / chemistry
  • Insecticides / pharmacology*


  • Flavonoids
  • Insecticides