Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity

Nature. 2000 May 11;405(6783):208-11. doi: 10.1038/35012217.


The existence of so great a diversity of species on Earth remains a mystery, the solution to which may also explain why and how biodiversity influences the functioning of ecosystems. The answer may lie in quantifying the trade-offs that organisms face in dealing with the constraints of their environment. Societal responses to the loss of biodiversity also involve trade-offs, and the elaboration of these will be essential in developing wiser environmental ethics and policy.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bioethics*
  • Ecosystem*
  • Humans
  • Sociology