The anti-merozoite surface protein-1 19-kDa IgG (anti-MSP119KD) IgG responses of 33 parasitemic infants, aged 6-14 months, were compared with those of their mothers at the time of the infant's delivery and at the time the infants were sampled; the antimalaria protection associated with these responses was also compared. IgG1 and IgG3 were the predominant subclasses. Infants <300 days old and pregnant mothers had the lowest cytophilic-to-noncytophilic IgG ratio. By 300 days of age, the infants had IgG subclass compositions and levels similar to those of their mothers at the same date. Among infants, older infants with only 1 or 2 detected asexual parasitemias had the highest cytophilic-to-noncytophilic IgG ratio and IgG1 levels. IgG1 level was negatively correlated with protection. The findings suggest that the MSP119KD antibody response develops with age, not with multiple experiences with parasitemia, and, thus, that an antimalaria vaccine strategy for pregnant mothers could delay infants' first parasitemias until they are more capable of mounting a favorable anti-MSP119KD response.