The prevalence of gender dysphoria in Scotland: a primary care study

Br J Gen Pract. 1999 Dec;49(449):991-2.


A questionnaire was sent to senior partners in all general practices in Scotland designed to elicit experience of patients with gender dysphoria: a subjective experience of incongruity between genital anatomy and gender identity. Responses were received from 73% of practices. The prevalence of gender dysphoria among patients aged over 15 years was calculated as 8.18 per 100,000, with an approximate sex ratio of 4:1 in favour of male-to-female patients. One-third of gender-dysphoric patients known to practices had registered in the preceding 12 months, suggesting that patients with this condition are increasingly likely to present for medical care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Family Practice / statistics & numerical data
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Scotland / epidemiology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Transsexualism / epidemiology*