Examination of the psychometric properties of the perceived motivational climate in sport questionnaire-2 in a sample of female athletes

J Sports Sci. 2000 Apr;18(4):275-90. doi: 10.1080/026404100365018.


We undertook two studies to determine the validity and reliability of the revised Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (PMCSQ-2). In Study 1, 201 female athletes (mean age 16.4 years) were administered the initial version of the PMCSQ-2 and a measure of reported tension and pressure experienced in sport. Exploratory principal component analysis suggested that the PMCSQ-2 contained two higher-order scales (Task-Involving and Ego-Involving climates), each with three subscales (Task: Cooperative Learning, Effort/ Improvement, Important Role; Ego: Intra-Team Member Rivalry, Unequal Recognition, Punishment for Mistakes). In Study 2, 385 female volleyball players (mean age 15.2 years) completed the PMCSQ-2, the Intrinsic Motivation Inventory and a measure of Team Satisfaction. Confirmatory factor analysis was applied to six competing models. The oblique six-factor model and oblique hierarchical model provided comparable fit to the data. Acceptable fit was reached based on model respecification. Across Studies 1 and 2, internal consistency was found to be acceptable for the higher-order scales and subscales (with the exception of the Intra-Team Member Rivalry subscale). We found evidence for the concurrent validity of the instrument.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Baseball / psychology*
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Motivation*
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sampling Studies
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Surveys and Questionnaires*
  • Task Performance and Analysis