Involvement of the essential yeast DNA polymerases in induced gene conversion

Acta Biochim Pol. 1999;46(4):862-72.


In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae three different DNA polymerases alpha, delta and epsilon are involved in DNA replication. DNA polymerase alpha is responsible for initiation of DNA synthesis and polymerases delta and epsilon are required for elongation of DNA strand during replication. DNA polymerases delta and epsilon are also involved in DNA repair. In this work we studied the role of these three DNA polymerases in the process of recombinational synthesis. Using thermo-sensitive heteroallelic mutants in genes encoding DNA polymerases we studied their role in the process of induced gene conversion. Mutant strains were treated with mutagens, incubated under permissive or restrictive conditions and the numbers of convertants obtained were compared. A very high difference in the number of convertants between restrictive and permissive conditions was observed for polymerases alpha and delta, which suggests that these two polymerases play an important role in DNA synthesis during mitotic gene conversion. Marginal dependence of gene conversion on the activity of polymerase epsilon indicates that this DNA polymerase may be involved in this process but rather as an auxiliary enzyme.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA Damage
  • DNA Polymerase I / genetics
  • DNA Polymerase I / metabolism
  • DNA Polymerase II / genetics
  • DNA Polymerase II / metabolism
  • DNA Polymerase III / genetics
  • DNA Polymerase III / metabolism
  • DNA Repair
  • DNA, Fungal / biosynthesis
  • DNA, Fungal / genetics
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / genetics
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase / metabolism*
  • Gene Conversion*
  • Genes, Fungal / drug effects
  • Genes, Fungal / radiation effects
  • Methyl Methanesulfonate
  • Mutagens
  • Mutation
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics*
  • Trioxsalen
  • Ultraviolet Rays


  • DNA, Fungal
  • Mutagens
  • Methyl Methanesulfonate
  • DNA Polymerase I
  • DNA Polymerase II
  • DNA Polymerase III
  • DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
  • Trioxsalen