Allelic matching within the HLA-DRB1 and -DQB1 loci significantly improves the clinical outcome of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Consequently, allelic typing of these loci is strongly recommended for the unrelated stem cell donor selection. In this study, the HLA-DRB1,3,4,5 and -DQB1 alleles of 231 patients and their corresponding 821 nonrandom potential stem cell donors were determined to define compatible donor/recipient pairs. Highly accurate HLA typing data were achieved by PCR-SSOP and a combination of group specific PCR-SSP and subsequent sequencing-based typing of nearly the whole second exon of each locus. The alleles DRB1*07, *09, and *10 were analyzed by PCR-reverse dot blot hybridization instead of sequencing. Additionally, DRB1 homozygosity was verified by temperature gradient gel electrophoresis. The identified 2104 HLA-DRB1 and HLA-DQB1 alleles as well as data on HLA-DRB3, -DRB4, and -DRB5 alleles were applied to a statistical program and absolute and relative delta values of DR/DQ linkages were calculated. The achieved data on the HLA-DRB1 allele distribution and on DR/DQ associations in terms of subtypes significantly ensure the typing reliability, since rare allele combinations will result in further investigations. Furthermore, detailed data on the DR/DQ allele associations allow estimations of the number of HLA-A, -B, and -DR matched unrelated stem cell donors necessary for the identification of DRB and DQB subtype identical donors.