The information gathered with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) are of great value in endovascular techniques. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of IVUS when measuring vessel dimensions by comparison with an established reference method. The left carotid artery was exposed in 4 pigs (45-55 kg) and two piezoelectric crystals were sutured on the adventitia in the same cross-sectional plane. The distance between them was measured either by IVUS and by sonomicrometers. The mean distance between the two crystals calculated by the sonomicrometer was 4.7+/-0.4 mm (mean systolic distance was 4.9+/-0.2 mm, mean diastolic distance was 4.6+/-0.1 mm). The mean distance between the two targets calculated by IVUS was 4. 5+/-0.2 mm (mean systolic distance was 4.6+/-0.2 mm and mean diastolic 4.4+/-0.2 mm). Regression analysis of the two series of data shows a R(2)=0.9984. IVUS measurements are an average 5% smaller than sonomicrometer measurements (3.6% up to 8.3%) and the difference is statistically significant ( p <0.05). The underestimation of IVUS measurements will affect the accuracy, and probably the long-term outcome, of endovascular procedures.
Copyright 2000 Harcourt Publishers Ltd.