Inhibition of the human sodium/bile acid cotransporters by side-specific methanethiosulfonate sulfhydryl reagents: substrate-controlled accessibility of site of inactivation

Biochemistry. 2000 Jun 6;39(22):6743-50. doi: 10.1021/bi000577t.


Mammalian sodium/bile acid cotransporters (SBATs) constitute a subgroup of the sodium cotransporter superfamily and function in the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids. They are glycoproteins with an exoplasmic N-terminus, seven or nine transmembrane segments, and a cytoplasmic C-terminus. They exhibit no significant homology with other members of the sodium cotransporter family and there is limited structure/function information available for the SBATs. Membrane-impermeant methanethiosulfonates (MTS) inhibited bile acid transport by alkylation of cysteine 270 (apical SBAT)/266 (basolateral SBAT) that is fully conserved among the sodium/bile acid cotransporters. The accessibility of this residue to MTS reagent is regulated by the natural substrates, sodium and bile acid. In experiments with the apical SBAT, sodium alone increases the reactivity with the thiol reagents as compared to sodium-free medium. In contrast, bile acids protect the SBATs from inactivation, although only in the presence of sodium. The inhibition and protection data suggest that cysteine 270/266 lies in a sodium-sensitive region of the SBATs that is implicated in bile acid transport.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Bile Acids and Salts / metabolism
  • Bile Acids and Salts / pharmacology
  • Biological Transport / drug effects
  • Carrier Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Cell Line
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Mesylates / pharmacology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Dependent*
  • Sulfhydryl Reagents / pharmacology
  • Symporters*
  • Taurocholic Acid / metabolism
  • Transfection


  • Bile Acids and Salts
  • Carrier Proteins
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Mesylates
  • Organic Anion Transporters, Sodium-Dependent
  • Sulfhydryl Reagents
  • Symporters
  • sodium-bile acid cotransporter
  • (2-sulfonatoethyl)methanethiosulfonate
  • (2-(trimethylammonium)ethyl)methanethiosulfonate
  • Taurocholic Acid