Collagen-based biomaterials as 3D scaffold for cell cultures: applications for tissue engineering and gene therapy

Med Biol Eng Comput. 2000 Mar;38(2):211-8. doi: 10.1007/BF02344779.

Abstract

Many substances are used in the production of biomaterials: metals (titanium), ceramics (alumina), synthetic polymers (polyurethanes, silicones, polyglycolic acid (PGA), polylactic acid (PLA), copolymers of lactic and glycolic acids (PLGA), polyanhydrides, polyorthoesters) and natural polymers (chitosan, glycosaminoglycans, collagen). With the rapid development in tissue engineering, these different biomaterials have been used as three-dimensional scaffolds and cell transplant devices. The principal biochemical and biological characteristics of the collagen-based biomaterials are presented, including their interactions with cells (fibroblasts), distinct from those of synthetic polymers, and their potential use in gene therapy through the formation of neo-organs or organoids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biocompatible Materials / chemistry*
  • Cell Culture Techniques / methods
  • Collagen / analogs & derivatives*
  • Culture Techniques / methods
  • Genetic Therapy / methods
  • Humans

Substances

  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Collagen