Background: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) shows a variable clinical course that is not fully explained by the genetic heterogeneity of this disease. We looked for a possible genetic modifier, the ACE I/D polymorphism, and its influence on progression towards end-stage renal failure (ESRF).
Methods: Forty-nine ADPKD patients who reached ESRF <40 years, and 21 PKD1 patients who reached ESRF > 60 years or were not on dialysis at 60 years of age were recruited. Clinical data were provided by questionnaires. Blood was collected for the determination of the ACE insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism genotype. The ACE genotype was also determined in a general, control PKD1 group (n=59).
Results: Patients who reached ESRF <40 years had significantly more early onset hypertension than patients reaching ESRF >60 years (80% vs 21%; P<0.001). The ACE genotype distribution showed no differences between the groups of the rapid progressors (DD 20%, ID 56%, II 24%), the slow progressors (DD 29%, ID 52%, II 19%) and the general PKD1 control population (DD 31%, ID 47%, II 22%).
Conclusion: There is no relationship between progression towards ESRD and the ACE I/D polymorphism in ADPKD patients.