In vivo targeted repair of a point mutation in the canine dystrophin gene by a chimeric RNA/DNA oligonucleotide

Nat Biotechnol. 2000 Jun;18(6):615-22. doi: 10.1038/76448.


In the canine model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in golden retrievers (GRMD), a point mutation within the splice acceptor site of intron 6 leads to deletion of exon 7 from the dystrophin mRNA, and the consequent frameshift causes early termination of translation. We have designed a DNA and RNA chimeric oligonucleotide to induce host cell mismatch repair mechanisms and correct the chromosomal mutation to wild type. Direct skeletal muscle injection of the chimeric oligonucleotide into the cranial tibialis compartment of a six-week-old affected male dog, and subsequent analysis of biopsy and necropsy samples, demonstrated in vivo repair of the GRMD mutation that was sustained for 48 weeks. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis of exons 5-10 demonstrated increasing levels of exon 7 inclusion with time. An isolated exon 7-specific dystrophin antibody confirmed synthesis of normal-sized dystrophin product and positive localization to the sarcolemma. Chromosomal repair in muscle tissue was confirmed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP)-PCR and sequencing the PCR product. This work provides evidence for the long-term repair of a specific dystrophin point mutation in muscle of a live animal using a chimeric oligonucleotide.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Blotting, Western
  • DNA / metabolism*
  • DNA Repair*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Dogs
  • Dystrophin / genetics*
  • Epitope Mapping
  • Exons
  • Frameshift Mutation
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Introns
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscle, Skeletal / metabolism
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / genetics
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / therapy
  • Oligonucleotides / therapeutic use*
  • Point Mutation*
  • Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length
  • RNA / metabolism*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sarcolemma
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Temperature


  • Dystrophin
  • Oligonucleotides
  • RNA
  • DNA