Molecular responses to dehydration and low temperature: differences and cross-talk between two stress signaling pathways

Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2000 Jun;3(3):217-23.


Recently, a major transcription system that controls abscisic-acid-independent gene expression in response to dehydration and low temperature has been identified. The system includes the DRE/CRT (dehydration-responsive element/C-repeat) cis-acting element and its DNA-binding protein, DREB/CBF (DRE-binding protein/C-repeat binding factor), which has an AP2 domain. DREB/CBF contains two subclasses, DREB1/CBF and DREB2, which are induced by cold and dehydration, respectively, and control the expression of various genes involved in stress tolerance. Recent studies are providing evidence of differences between dehydration-signaling and cold-stress-signaling cascades, and of cross-talk between them.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological / genetics*
  • Arabidopsis Proteins*
  • Cold Temperature*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant / drug effects
  • Signal Transduction
  • Transcription Factors / physiology
  • Water / pharmacology*


  • Arabidopsis Proteins
  • DREB1A protein, Arabidopsis
  • DREB2A protein, Arabidopsis
  • Transcription Factors
  • Water