The relative efficacy of vestibular-proprioceptive stimulation and the upright position in enhancing visual pursuit in neonates

Child Dev. 1976 Jun;47(2):309-14.


48 healthy neonates born to multiparae were randomly assigned to view a moving stimulus either in the horizontal or the upright position, with or without added vestibular stimulation and with or without pacifier sucking. The infant was shown a moving black line inside a strictly controlled visual environment provided by an apparatus which permitted horizontal and upright positioning and displacement of the infant. Visual tracking was recorded by a concealed TV camera positioned at a constant distance and angle from the infants' eyes in both positions. Quality of tracking during each of 4 trials was scored on a 7-point scale. Results indicate that vestibularproprioceptive stimulation provided to the infant either horizontally or semivertically significantly enhanced his visual tracking, whereas the upright position did not. Pacifier sucking also improved his performace.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Eye Movements*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn*
  • Male
  • Motion Perception
  • Posture*
  • Proprioception / physiology*
  • Sex Factors
  • Vestibule, Labyrinth / physiology*