A multistage shuttle swim test to assess aerobic fitness in competitive water polo players

J Sci Med Sport. 2000 Mar;3(1):55-64. doi: 10.1016/s1440-2440(00)80048-1.


A 10m multistage shuttle swim test (MSST) was designed for the assessment of aerobic fitness of competitive water polo players. Test-retest reliability was determined using a sample of 22 female and 22 male trained water polo players. An intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.99 (p>0.05) was calculated between the two test scores. The technical error of measurement for the test was 2.3 shuttles or 5.0%. The validity of the test was determined using a sample of 13 female and 12 male water polo players. A validation correlation coefficient of 0.88 resulted between the number of shuttles completed during the MSST and VO2max [litres/body surface area/ minute (l x BSA-1 x min-1)] measured during an incremental tethered swim test to exhaustion. A stepwise multiple regression revealed that VO2max (l x BSA-1 x min-1) accounted for approximately 78% of the MSST variance. It was concluded that the 10m multistage shuttle swim test is a reliable and valid field test of aerobic fitness for use with trained water polo players.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aerobiosis
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Competitive Behavior
  • Exercise Test / methods*
  • Female
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Lactic Acid / blood
  • Male
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Physical Fitness*
  • Regression Analysis
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Statistics, Nonparametric
  • Swimming / physiology*


  • Lactic Acid