Preventing injuries to competitive and recreational adult golfers: what is the evidence?

J Sci Med Sport. 2000 Mar;3(1):65-78. doi: 10.1016/s1440-2440(00)80049-3.


Although injuries to golfers are not common, both survey studies and hospital emergency department records have provided objective evidence that golfers are sometimes at risk of injury. While many golf injury studies describe the associated mechanisms and types of injuries, less attention has been given to research relating to the various injury prevention measures for this sport. This paper provides a critical review of the range of countermeasures to prevent golf injuries and highlights areas to be considered for future research, development, and implementation. In particular, it focuses on the strength of the evidence for the effectiveness of these measures. This review concludes that there needs to be more formal evaluation of the suggested countermeasures to prevent golf injuries. Particular attention should be given to evaluations of the golf swing and its relationship to particular injuries such as low-back, wrist, and shoulder problems. These countermeasures and associated strategies are recommended to reduce the incidence of injury in this popular and accessible sport.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / epidemiology
  • Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
  • Back Injuries / prevention & control
  • Biomechanical Phenomena
  • Golf / education
  • Golf / injuries*
  • Golf / physiology
  • Humans
  • Physical Fitness
  • Safety Management / methods*
  • Sports Equipment