Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis during highly active antiretroviral therapy in an AIDS patient infected with Leishmania infantum

J Infect. 2000 Mar;40(2):199-202. doi: 10.1053/jinf.1999.0630.


We report a case of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) in a woman with AIDS which occurred 13 months after a diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis concomitantly with immunological recovery induced by highly active retroviral therapy. Cytokine pattern at the time of visceral leishmaniasis and PKDL diagnosis was studied and pathogenic implications were discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Anti-HIV Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / complications*
  • HIV Infections / drug therapy*
  • HIV Infections / immunology
  • Humans
  • Indinavir / therapeutic use
  • Lamivudine / therapeutic use
  • Leishmania infantum*
  • Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / etiology*
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral / complications*
  • Stavudine / therapeutic use


  • Anti-HIV Agents
  • Lamivudine
  • Indinavir
  • Stavudine