Mallory-Weiss syndrome. Characterization of 75 Mallory-weiss lacerations in 528 patients with upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage

Gastroenterology. 1976 Jul;71(1):5-8.


Seventy-five Mallory-Weiss lacerations were visualized endoscopically in 58 of 528 patients evaluated acutely for upper gastrointestinal bleeding. The Mallory-Weiss mucosal laceration is more common than generally recognized, is usually associated with hiatal hernia and a prodrome of retching or vomiting, and the ingestion of alcohol or acetylsalicyclic acid, or both. The lacerations are most commonly gastric and are associated with other mucosal lesions which may in fact be the instigating cause of the retching and vomiting. Although blood loss may be considerable, 90% or more patients with this lesion can be managed nonsurgically with appropriate blood component replacement and occasional use of systemic pitressin. There was one fatality in this series of 58 patients with Mallory-Weiss lacerations.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Hernia, Hiatal / etiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome / complications*
  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Vomiting / etiology