Insights from mouse models into the molecular basis of neurodegeneration

Annu Rev Physiol. 2000;62:779-802. doi: 10.1146/annurev.physiol.62.1.779.

Abstract

Thanks largely to cloning the genes for several neurodegenerative diseases over the past decade and the existence of mouse mutants, the molecular basis of neurodegeneration is finally beginning to yield some of its secrets. We discuss what has been learned about the pathogenesis of "triplet repeat" diseases through mouse models for spinocerebellar ataxia types 1 and 3 and Huntington disease, including the roles of nuclear aggregates and protein cleavage. We also discuss the neurologic phenotypes that arise from mutations in neurotransmitter receptors (lurcher mice) and ion channels (weaver, leaner, and tottering mice), drawing parallels between ischemic cell death and the neurodegeneration that occurs in the lurcher mouse. Finally, we discuss common mechanisms of cell death and lessons learned from these mouse models that might have broader relevance to other neurologic disorders.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Humans
  • Mice
  • Mice, Neurologic Mutants / genetics*
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / genetics*
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / metabolism*
  • Receptors, Glutamate / physiology

Substances

  • Receptors, Glutamate