A comparison of the safety and efficacy of moxifloxacin (BAY 12-8039) and cefuroxime axetil in the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis in adults. The Sinusitis Study Group

Respir Med. 2000 Apr;94(4):337-44. doi: 10.1053/rmed.1999.0769.


The aim of this multicentre, randomized study was to compare the efficacy and safety of moxifloxacin (BAY 12-8039), a new 8-methoxy fluoroquinolone, with that of cefuroxime axetil for the treatment of acute bacterial sinusitis in adults. Diagnosis was made on a range of clinical signs and symptoms combined with radiology and microbiology. A 400 mg dose of moxifloxacin was administered once daily for 7 days to 242 patients and 250 mg twice daily of cefuroxime axetil was administered to 251 patients for 10 days. The clinical success rate at the end of treatment in the evaluable population was significantly higher (96.7%) in the moxifloxacin group (204/211) than in the cefuroxime axetil group (204/225, 90.7%; 95% confidence intervals 1.5%; 10.6%). At follow-up the success rate in the moxifloxacin group was 90.7% and that for the cefuroxime axetil group was 89.2% (95% confidence intervals -4.3%; 5.4%). The predominant pathogens isolated were Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae, followed by Moraxella catarrhalis and Staphylococcus aureus. The bacteriological eradication rates were higher for moxifloxacin (94.5%, 103/109) than for cefuroxime axetil (83.5%, 96/115; 95% CI 3.6%; 19.7%). Only one S. pneumoniae infection persisted following moxifloxacin therapy in contrast with three in individuals on cefuroxime axetil. There were slightly more adverse events in the moxifloxacin group than in the cefuroxime axetil group, but there were fewer serious adverse events following moxifloxacin treatment (three vs. eight). The drug was discontinued because of adverse events in 14 moxifloxacin patients and in 11 cefuroxime axetil patients. Overall, in all assessments, moxifloxacin was at least as effective clinically and bacteriologically, and as well tolerated, as cefuroxime axetil in the treatment of acute sinusitis.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Adult
  • Anti-Infective Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Aza Compounds*
  • Bacterial Infections / complications
  • Bacterial Infections / drug therapy*
  • Cefuroxime / analogs & derivatives*
  • Cefuroxime / therapeutic use
  • Cephalosporins / therapeutic use*
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Evaluation
  • Female
  • Fluoroquinolones*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Moxifloxacin
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quinolines*
  • Sinusitis / drug therapy*
  • Sinusitis / microbiology


  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Aza Compounds
  • Cephalosporins
  • Fluoroquinolones
  • Quinolines
  • Cefuroxime
  • Moxifloxacin
  • cefuroxime axetil