This review article is a summary of the publications dealing with the pulmonary applications of electrical impedance tomography (EIT). Original papers on EIT lung imaging published over 15 years are analysed and several aspects of the performed EIT measurements summarized. Information on the type of the EIT device and electrodes used, the studied transverse thoracic planes, the data acquisition rate, the number of studied animals, normal subjects or patients, the kind of lung pathology, the performed ventilatory manoeuvres and other interventions, as well as the applied reference techniques, is given. The type of the generated pulmonary EIT images and the quantitative analysis of the EIT data are described. Finally, the major results achieved are presented, followed by an analysis of the perspectives of EIT in clinical applications. A comparative analysis of the EIT hardware and the quality of the evaluation tools was not performed.