Cross-talk between insulin and the adrenergic system is important in the regulation of energy homeostasis. In cultured, differentiated mouse brown adipocytes, beta3-adrenergic stimulation induced a 4.5-fold increase in uncoupling protein-1 (UCP-1) expression, which was diminished by 25% in the presence of insulin. Beta3-adrenergic stimulation also activated mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase by 3.5-fold and caused a decrease in basal phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase activity detected in p110gamma- and Gbeta-subunit-immunoprecipitates in a time-dependent manner, whereas insulin stimulated p110alpha- and phosphotyrosine-associated PI 3-kinase activity. Inhibition of MAP kinase or PI 3-kinase potentiated the beta3-adrenergic effect on UCP-1 expression, both alone and in the presence of insulin. Thus, insulin inhibits beta3-adrenergic stimulation of UCP-1, and both MAP kinase and PI 3-kinase are negative regulatory elements in the beta3-adrenergic control of UCP-1 expression. Cross-talk between the adrenergic and insulin signaling systems and impaired regulation of UCP-1 might contribute to the development of a reduced energy balance, resulting in obesity and insulin resistance.