The interaction of DNA polymerase from Thermus thermophilus B35 (Tte-pol) with deoxynucleoside triphosphates in the presence of different divalent metal ions has been studied. DNA synthesis and competitive inhibition of the polymerase reaction by non-complementary dNTPs are described with corresponding kinetic schemes. The co-factor properties of some metals (Mg2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Ca2+, Cd2+, and Zn2+) were investigated, and their activating concentration ranges were determined. It was found that kcat values are significantly decreased and Km values slowly decrease when Mn2+ displaces Mg2+. The value of Kd for DNA template-primer is Me2+-independent, whereas Kd values for non-complementary dNTPs decrease in the presence of Mn2+. Tte-pol processivity but not DNA synthesis efficiency is Me2+-type independent.