Incidence of foodborne illnesses reported by the foodborne diseases active surveillance network (FoodNet)-1997. FoodNet Working Group

J Food Prot. 2000 Jun;63(6):807-9. doi: 10.4315/0362-028x-63.6.807.


In 1997, the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Program (FoodNet) conducted active surveillance for culture-confirmed cases of Campylobacter, Escherichia coli O157, Listeria, Salmonella, Shigella, Vibrio, Yersinia, Cyclospora, and Cryptosporidium in five Emerging Infections Program sites. FoodNet is a collaborative effort of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Infectious Diseases, the United States Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service, the Food and Drug Administration's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, and state health departments in California, Connecticut, Georgia, Minnesota, and Oregon. The population under active surveillance for foodborne infections was approximately 16.1 million persons or roughly 6% of the United States Population. Through weekly or monthly contact with all clinical laboratories in these sites, 8,576 total isolations were recorded: 2,205 cases of salmonellosis, 1,273 cases of shigellosis, 468 cases of cryptosporidiosis, 340 of E. coli O157:H7 infections, 139 of yersiniosis, 77 of listeriosis, 51 of Vibrio infections, and 49 of cyclosporiasis. Results from 1997 demonstrate that while there are regional and seasonal differences in reported incidence rates of certain bacterial and parasitic diseases, and that some pathogens showed a change in incidence from 1996, the overall incidence of illness caused by pathogens under surveillance was stable. More data over more years are needed to assess if observed variations in incidence reflect yearly fluctuations or true changes in the burden of foodborne illness.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Campylobacter Infections / epidemiology
  • Coccidiosis / epidemiology
  • Cryptosporidiosis / epidemiology
  • Dysentery, Bacillary / epidemiology
  • Escherichia coli Infections / epidemiology
  • Escherichia coli O157 / isolation & purification
  • Foodborne Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Listeriosis / epidemiology
  • Salmonella Food Poisoning / epidemiology
  • Sentinel Surveillance
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Vibrio Infections / epidemiology
  • Yersinia Infections / epidemiology