Oral health and juvenile idiopathic arthritis: a review

Rheumatology (Oxford). 2000 May;39(5):550-5. doi: 10.1093/rheumatology/39.5.550.


Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) results in significant morbidity that includes an adverse impact on oral health that is generally not well recognized. This review describes current literature which demonstrates poor oral health in children with JIA. The impact of JIA on oral health is probably multifactorial and these factors are discussed. This review emphasizes the role of paediatric dentistry in the multidisciplinary management of JIA and highlights the need for further research.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
  • Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use
  • Arthritis, Juvenile / complications*
  • Arthritis, Juvenile / drug therapy
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dental Caries / etiology*
  • Humans
  • Oral Health*
  • Periodontal Diseases / etiology*
  • Saliva
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / etiology
  • Temporomandibular Joint Disorders / etiology


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Antirheumatic Agents