Latex allergy

J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2000 Jun;105(6 Pt 1):1054-62. doi: 10.1067/mai.2000.106925.


Latex allergy continues to be an important medical problem. In this review we re-examine the definition of latex allergy, the offending allergens, the factors that enhance sensitization, the threshold levels that sensitize and elicit reactions in sensitized individuals, current diagnostic techniques, avoidance measures, the barrier properties of nonlatex alternatives, and the roles of premedication and immunotherapy. Twenty years after its resurgence, latex allergy is a well-defined condition with established diagnostic criteria and rational treatment and prevention strategies. However, in spite of advances associated with molecular studies of latex allergens and improved understanding of immunotherapy, avoidance remains the only effective treatment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Immunization
  • Immunotherapy
  • Latex Hypersensitivity* / diagnosis
  • Latex Hypersensitivity* / prevention & control
  • Latex Hypersensitivity* / therapy
  • Prevalence