Dissociation of reading strategies: letter-by-letter reading in the native language and normal reading in the learned language. A case study

Brain Cogn. 2000 Jun-Aug;43(1-3):282-6.


In letter-by-letter reading, which is typically observed in Dejerine's (1892) "pure alexia," oral reading seems to be mediated by the naming of the constituent letters of the printed sequence: reading time rises abnormally as a function of the number of letters of the target item. We describe a patient with fluent aphasia who showed the unusual pattern of letter-by-letter reading together with surface dyslexia in her native language (French) and apparently normal reading in the second, learned language (English). Thus, letter-by-letter reading should be considered as a description of a symptom rather than the consequence of a unique type of functional impairment.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Brain Injuries / complications
  • Cognition Disorders / etiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language*
  • Middle Aged
  • Multilingualism*
  • Reading*