MDM2 mRNA expression is a favorable prognostic factor in non-small-cell lung cancer

Int J Cancer. 2000 May 20;89(3):265-70. doi: 10.1002/1097-0215(20000520)89:3<265::aid-ijc9>;2-n.


MDM2 is one of the downstream target genes for transcriptional activation by the product of the p53 tumor-suppressor gene. Transactivation of MDM2 gene expression is represented by the presence of a functional p53 protein. We hypothesized that MDM2 mRNA expression may be a more suitable prognostic factor than p53 or MDM2 protein expression and p53 gene mutations. In this study, expression of MDM2 mRNA, p53 protein, and MDM2 protein and mutations of the p53 gene were assessed in 81 lung tumor tissue specimens using RT-PCR, immunohistochemistry, and direct sequencing among exons 5-8, respectively. By immunohistochemistry, 33 and 42 of 81 patients with p53 (40.7%) and MDM2 (51.5%) protein expression were found in lung tumor specimens, respectively. The p53 direct sequencing data indicated that 13 of 81 patients (16.0%) had p53 mutations. However, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that p53 protein and MDM2 protein expression and p53 mutation were not useful as prognostic factors. Interestingly, the survival of patients with MDM2 mRNA expression was longer than that of patients without MDM2 mRNA expression, though MDM2 mRNA expression was not associated with clinicopathological parameters, including tumor grade, tumor stage, tumor type, and TNM values. Moreover, Cox regression analysis showed that MDM2 mRNA expression was a significantly independent favorable prognostic factor in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Thus, measuring MDM2 mRNA expression using RT-PCR may be a simple, useful approach for predicting the survival of NSCLC patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / diagnosis
  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism
  • Adenocarcinoma / mortality
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / diagnosis*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung / mortality
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / mortality
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Exons
  • Female
  • Gene Deletion
  • Genes, p53 / genetics
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Lung Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Lung Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Lung Neoplasms / mortality
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Prognosis
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Time Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 / biosynthesis


  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
  • MDM2 protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2