Background and objectives: Surgical resection offers the only potential cure for pancreatic carcinoma. Several recent series have reported an encouraging increase in 5-year survival rate exceeding 20% and have emphasized the importance of patient selection based on reproducible prognostic factors. The impact on survival of demographic, intraoperative, and histopatologic factors are investigated in this study.
Methods: Seventy-three patients with adenocarcinoma of the pancreas, treated at the Department of Surgery of the Catholic University of Rome during 1988-1998, were retrospectively analyzed. Survival data were reviewed, and potential prognostic factors were compared statistically by univariate and multivariate analyses.
Results: There was no operative mortality, and the morbidity rate was 37%. Actuarial overall and disease-specific survival rates for all 73 patients were, respectively, 27% and 31% at 3 years and 13% and 21% at 5 years, with a median survival time of 16 months. T stage and nodal status significantly affected survival according to univariate analysis (P = 0.0017 and 0.04). An impact on survival, even if not of statistical significance, was shown for other pathologic or intraoperative factors.
Conclusions: T and nodal stage are the strongest independent predictors of survival. Limited intraoperative transfusion, reduced operative time, and clear margins also may play a role, which requires further confirmation in a larger series.
Copyright 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.