Occupational bladder cancer mortality among racial and ethnic minorities in 21 states

Am J Ind Med. 2000 Jul;38(1):90-8. doi: 10.1002/1097-0274(200007)38:1<90::aid-ajim10>3.0.co;2-q.


Background: Occupational bladder cancer mortality among minority racial/ethnic groups is not well described compared to occupational bladder cancer mortality among non-minority males in the United States.

Methods: Race/ethnicity- and sex-specific bladder cancer mortality (1985-1992) of workers employed in 21 states was examined using a proportionate mortality study design. Mortality of specific racial/ethnic/occupational groups was compared separately with workers in the specific occupation and with members of the specific racial/ethnic group.

Results: This study identified elevated bladder cancer mortality among African American males and females and Latino males in several occupational groups with exposure to suspected bladder carcinogens as well as among Asian males in sales (PMR = 2. 13) and Asian females in the personal services industry (PMR = 5.25; CI: 1.64-16.75).

Conclusions: Surveillance of occupational cancer risks among racial/ethnic minorities using regularly available death certificate data is facilitated when states code both usual occupation/industry and race/ethnicity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Confidence Intervals
  • Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Minority Groups / statistics & numerical data*
  • Occupational Diseases / ethnology
  • Occupational Diseases / mortality*
  • Occupational Exposure / statistics & numerical data*
  • Occupations / classification
  • Occupations / statistics & numerical data
  • Population Surveillance
  • Risk Assessment
  • Sex Distribution
  • Survival Rate
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / ethnology
  • Urinary Bladder Neoplasms / mortality*