Osteopontin-induced, integrin-dependent migration of human mammary epithelial cells involves activation of the hepatocyte growth factor receptor (Met)

J Cell Biochem. 2000 Jun 6;78(3):465-75. doi: 10.1002/1097-4644(20000901)78:3<465::aid-jcb11>3.0.co;2-c.


Osteopontin (OPN) is a secreted glycophosphoprotein which induces migration of mammary carcinoma cells, and has been implicated in the malignancy of breast carcinoma. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induces cell migration of several mammary epithelial cell (MEC) lines, via activation of its cognate receptor (Met). This study examines the mechanism of OPN-induced MEC migration, in terms of the cell surface integrins involved and induction of the HGF/Met pathway. Three different MEC cell lines were used, representing different stages of tumor progression: 21PT, non-tumorigenic; 21NT, tumorigenic; non-metastatic; and MDA-MB-435, tumorigenic, highly metastatic. Human recombinant OPN was found to induce the migration of all three lines. OPN-induced migration of 21PT and 21NT cells was alphavbeta5 and beta1-integrin dependent, and alphavbeta3-independent, while that of MDA-MB-435 cells was alphavbeta3-dependent. HGF also induced migration of all three cell lines, and a synergistic response was seen to HGF and OPN together. The increased migration response to OPN was found to be associated with an initial increase in Met kinase activity (within 30 min), followed by an increase in Met mRNA and protein expression. OPN-induced cell migration is thus mediated by different cell surface integrins in MEC lines representing different stages of progression, and involves activation of the HGF receptor, Met.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Blotting, Northern
  • Blotting, Western
  • Breast / cytology*
  • Breast Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology
  • Cell Movement / drug effects*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Epithelial Cells / physiology*
  • Female
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Integrins / metabolism*
  • Osteopontin
  • Phosphoproteins / pharmacology*
  • Phosphotyrosine / metabolism
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / genetics
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met / genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met / metabolism*
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Recombinant Proteins / pharmacology
  • Sialoglycoproteins / pharmacology*


  • Integrins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • SPP1 protein, human
  • Sialoglycoproteins
  • Osteopontin
  • Phosphotyrosine
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met