Redundant roles for the TFIID and SAGA complexes in global transcription

Nature. 2000 Jun 8;405(6787):701-4. doi: 10.1038/35015104.


The transcription factors TFIID and SAGA are multi-subunit complexes involved in transcription by RNA polymerase II. TFIID and SAGA contain common TATA-binding protein (TBP)-associated factor (TAF(II)) subunits and each complex contains a subunit with histone acetyltransferase activity. These observations have raised questions about whether the functions of the two complexes in vivo are unique or overlapping. Here we use genome-wide expression analysis to investigate how expression of the yeast genome depends on both shared and unique subunits of these two complexes. We find that expression of most genes requires one or more of the common TAF(II) subunits, indicating that the functions of TFIID and SAGA are widely required for gene expression. Among the subunits shared by TFIID and SAGA are three histone-like TAF(II)s, which have been proposed to form a sub-complex and mediate a common function in global transcription. Unexpectedly, we find that the histone-like TAF(II)s have distinct roles in expression of the yeast genome. Most importantly, we show that the histone acetylase components of TFIID and SAGA (TAF(II)145 and Gcn5) are functionally redundant, indicating that expression of a large fraction of yeast genes can be regulated through the action of either complex.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology*
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / physiology*
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Mutagenesis
  • Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis
  • Protein Kinases / genetics
  • Protein Kinases / physiology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors*
  • Transcription Factor TFIID
  • Transcription Factors / genetics
  • Transcription Factors / physiology*
  • Transcription Factors, TFII / genetics
  • Transcription Factors, TFII / physiology*
  • Transcription, Genetic / physiology*


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Macromolecular Substances
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • TAF1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • TAF6 protein, human
  • TATA-Binding Protein Associated Factors
  • Transcription Factor TFIID
  • Transcription Factors
  • Transcription Factors, TFII
  • Acetyltransferases
  • GCN5 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Histone Acetyltransferases
  • Protein Kinases