Lim1 activity is required for intermediate mesoderm differentiation in the mouse embryo

Dev Biol. 2000 Jul 1;223(1):77-90. doi: 10.1006/dbio.2000.9733.


During gastrulation and early organogenesis, Lim1 is expressed in the visceral endoderm, the anterior mesendoderm, and the lateral mesoderm that comprises the lateral plate and intermediate mesoderm. A previous study has reported that kidneys and gonads are missing in the Lim1 null mutants (W. Shawlot and R. R. Behringer, 1995, Nature 374, 425-430). Results of the present study show that in the early organogenesis stage mutant embryo, the intermediate mesoderm that contains the urogenital precursor tissues is disorganized and displays diminished expression of PAX2 and the Hoxb6-lacZ transgene. When posterior epiblast cells of the Lim1 null mutant embryo were transplanted to the primitive streak of wild-type host embryos, they were able to colonize the lateral plate and intermediate mesoderm of the host, suggesting that Lim1 activity is not essential for the allocation of epiblast cells to these mesodermal lineages. However, most of the mutant cells that colonized the lateral and intermediate mesoderm of the host embryo did not express the Hoxb6-lacZ transgene, except for some cells that were derived from the distal part of the posterior epiblast. Lim1 activity may therefore be required for the full expression of this transgene that normally marks the differentiation of the lateral plate and intermediate mesoderm.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation / genetics
  • Cell Transplantation
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / biosynthesis
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / physiology
  • Embryo, Mammalian / metabolism*
  • Gastrula / metabolism
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Genotype
  • Homeodomain Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Homeodomain Proteins / genetics
  • Homeodomain Proteins / physiology*
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases / genetics
  • LIM-Homeodomain Proteins
  • Mesoderm / cytology*
  • Mesoderm / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Morphogenesis / genetics
  • Mutagenesis
  • PAX2 Transcription Factor
  • Transcription Factors / biosynthesis
  • Transcription Factors / physiology
  • Transgenes


  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Hoxb6 protein, mouse
  • LIM-Homeodomain Proteins
  • Lhx1 protein, mouse
  • PAX2 Transcription Factor
  • Pax2 protein, mouse
  • Transcription Factors
  • Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases