Tranexamic acid reduces red cell transfusion better than epsilon-aminocaproic acid or placebo in liver transplantation

Anesth Analg. 2000 Jul;91(1):29-34. doi: 10.1097/00000539-200007000-00006.


We evaluated the efficacy of the prophylactic administration of epsilon-aminocaproic acid and tranexamic acid for reducing blood product requirements in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) in a prospective, double-blinded study performed in 132 consecutive patients. Patients were randomized to three groups and given one of three drugs prophylactically: tranexamic acid, 10 mg. kg(-1). h(-1); epsilon-aminocaproic acid, 16 mg. kg(-1). h(-1), and placebo (isotonic saline). Perioperative management was standardized. Coagulation tests, thromboelastogram, and blood requirements were recorded during OLT and in the first 24 h. There were no differences in diagnosis, Child score, or preoperative coagulation tests among groups. Administration of packed red blood cells was significantly reduced (P = 0.023) during OLT in the tranexamic acid group, but not in the epsilon-aminocaproic acid group. There were no differences in transfusion requirements after OLT. Thromboembolic events, reoperations, and mortality were similar in the three groups. Prophylactic administration of tranexamic acid, but not epsilon-aminocaproic acid, significantly reduces total packed red blood cell usage during OLT.

Implications: In a randomized study of 132 consecutive patients undergoing liver transplantation, we found that tranexamic acid, but not epsilon-aminocaproic acid, reduced intraoperative total packed red blood cell transfusion.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aminocaproic Acid / adverse effects
  • Aminocaproic Acid / therapeutic use*
  • Antifibrinolytic Agents / adverse effects
  • Antifibrinolytic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Blood Coagulation / drug effects
  • Blood Component Transfusion
  • Blood Loss, Surgical / prevention & control
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Erythrocyte Transfusion*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Transplantation*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Prospective Studies
  • Tranexamic Acid / adverse effects
  • Tranexamic Acid / therapeutic use*


  • Antifibrinolytic Agents
  • Tranexamic Acid
  • Aminocaproic Acid