Eicosanoids and the esophagus

Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2000 May;61(3-4):91-104. doi: 10.1016/s0090-6980(00)00066-6.


Eicosanoids are products of arachidonic acid metabolism. Among the products produced are the prostaglandins and leukotrienes, products which are known to play important roles in health and disease of many gastrointestinal tissues. Here, we review current knowledge about eicosanoids in the esophagus, including production in healthy and diseased tissues and potential physiologic and pathophysiologic effects in two important esophageal mucosal disorders, reflux esophagitis and esophageal cancer.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Eicosanoids / metabolism
  • Eicosanoids / physiology*
  • Esophageal Diseases / enzymology
  • Esophageal Diseases / metabolism
  • Esophageal Diseases / physiopathology
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / enzymology
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Esophageal Neoplasms / physiopathology
  • Esophagus / enzymology
  • Esophagus / metabolism
  • Esophagus / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases / metabolism


  • Eicosanoids
  • Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases