Cerebral perfusion abnormalities in patients with established Alzheimer's disease (AD) are most commonly seen in the temporoparietal cortex. As the disease progresses, this perfusion pattern is increasingly prevalent. Recently, investigators have begun to examine the patterns of perfusion among individuals at risk for AD. To date, such studies have been conducted either in individuals who have a progressive memory difficulty but do not yet meet clinical criteria for AD, or in individuals with a genetic risk factor or family history of AD, either with or without a memory problem. These latter studies suggest that a set of brain regions show decreased perfusion during the prodromal phase of AD, and that a brain network or networks with multiple nodes is affected early in the course of AD. These perfusion abnormalities may also shed light on how AD progresses during the prodromal phase of disease and may ultimately lead to improved diagnosis or methods of monitoring response to treatment.