Correlates of concern about weight gain following smoking cessation and self-efficacy about controlling weight gain were examined in 940 men and 1,166 women who were surveyed on 2 occasions as part of a randomized trial of work-site interventions for smoking cessation. Weight concerns were positively associated with female sex, body weight, dieting for weight control, nicotine addiction, and social encouragement to quit. Bivariate analyses replicated prior findings that elevated weight concerns are associated with a reduced likelihood of quitting smoking, at least in women. Analyses controlling for demographics, nicotine dependence, and social factors replicated prior findings that weight concerns are not negatively related to smoking cessation and that some measures of concern are positively related to cessation. These analyses suggest that conflicting findings found in this literature are due primarily to how weight concerns are defined and whether covariates like nicotine addiction are used in data analyses.