Video teleconferencing with realistic simulation for medical education

J Clin Anesth. 2000 May;12(3):256-61. doi: 10.1016/s0952-8180(00)00148-3.


This report describes how realistic patient simulation can be used with video teleconferencing to conduct long-distance clinical case discussions with realistic re-enactments of critical events. By observing what appears to be a real procedure unfolding in real time, it is intended that audience members will better learn and appreciate the lessons from conferences. A commercially available mannequin simulator and video teleconferencing technology were used in nine sessions between a free-standing simulation center and different conference sites throughout the U.S. Transmission was via high-speed telephone lines. In each conference, a clinical scenario was simulated on a screen. Audience members asked questions of a live simulated "patient" and family and later advised the care team on routine treatments and management of urgent clinical problems that arose during management of the mannequin simulator in a highly realistic clinical setting. Ninety-eight percent of respondents from one audience of 150 (response rate 60%) judged the quality of the presentation as "very good or excellent." In response to the statement that "the educational value of the presentation was much greater than that of a standard case conference," 95% scored 4 or 5 on a five-point Likert scale (where 5 is highest agreement). While all conferences were conducted successfully, there were instances of technical challenge in using teleconferencing technology. Technical information about the teleconferencing system and scenario preparation, contingency planning for failures, and other details of using this new teaching modality are described. Although audiences were enthusiastic in their response to this approach to clinical case conferences, further study is needed to assess the added value of interactive simulation for education compared to standard conference formats.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Education, Medical*
  • Humans
  • Patient Simulation*
  • Telemedicine*