Parental reports of coparenting and observed coparenting behavior during the toddler period

J Fam Psychol. 2000 Jun;14(2):220-36. doi: 10.1037//0893-3200.14.2.220.


Fifty-two married partners played with their 30-month-olds in both dyadic (parent-child) and whole family contexts and reported on their own coparenting activities (family integrity-promoting behavior, conflict, disparagement, and reprimand). Coparenting behavior observed in the whole family context was evaluated for antagonism, warmth and cooperation, child-adult centeredness, balance of positive involvement, and management of toddler behavior. Parallel balance and management scores were also formed using dyadic session data. Men's reported family integrity-promoting activities and women's reported conflict and reprimand activities were reliable correlates of family group process in both bivariate and discriminant analyses, with links enduring even after controlling for marital quality. Whole family- and dyad-based estimates of coparenting were altogether unrelated, and reported coparenting was tied only to behavior in family context, not to family measures created from dyad-based data.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child Rearing / psychology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Family Relations
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Marriage / psychology
  • Parenting / psychology*
  • Personality Assessment