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. 2000 Jun 1;281(2):187-92.
doi: 10.1006/abio.2000.4570.

Use of a Dual Firefly and Renilla Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay to Simultaneously Determine Drug Selectivity at Human Corticotrophin Releasing Hormone 1 and 2 Receptors

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Use of a Dual Firefly and Renilla Luciferase Reporter Gene Assay to Simultaneously Determine Drug Selectivity at Human Corticotrophin Releasing Hormone 1 and 2 Receptors

S J Parsons et al. Anal Biochem. .

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate and validate the use of a dual glow-signal luciferase reporter gene assay to simultaneously evaluate drug activity at two different seven-transmembrane receptor subtypes. Stable cell lines (CHO) transfected with either human corticotrophin releasing hormone 1 (hCRH1) receptors and a firefly luciferase reporter gene or hCRH2 and a Renilla luciferase reporter gene were created to provide different luciferase readouts for CRH1 and CRH2 receptors, respectively. Cells were combined for stimulation and measurement of luciferase luminescence in a 96-well plate format assay. The nonselective CRH agonists rat/human CRH and sauvagine caused concentration-dependent increases in luminescence via activation of CRH1 (firefly luciferase; pEC50 = 8.40 +/- 0.06 and 8.39 +/- 0.08, respectively, n = 8) and CRH2 (Renilla luciferase; pEC50 = 8.89 +/- 0.14 and 8.92 +/- 0.13, respectively, n = 8) receptors. The nonselective CRH antagonist astressin blocked these agonist-induced increases in luciferase at both CRH1 and CRH2 receptors. The selective CRH1 antagonist CP154,526 blocked r/hCRH- and sauvagine-induced increases in luciferase at CRH1 receptors only. These data report the expected pharmacology for CRH1 and CRH2 receptors. This assay enabled two receptor subtypes to be studied simultaneously in the same 96-well plate and generated robust data with low variability. It has the potential advantage of significant time and cost savings, with application to both basic research and compound screening.

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