Changes in morphological features between the primary and metastatic sites in osteosarcoma and the role of nm23 protein and c-MET oncogene product have remained controversial. In addition to histological studies, we evaluated the expression of nm23, c-MET, p53, and MDM2 immunohistochemically using 25 osteosarcomas in which both primary and concordant metastatic specimens were available. Moreover, we assessed proliferative activity using the monoclonal antibody MIB-1. Among these 25 cases, 4 tumors that were osteoblastic type (16%) in the primary site had changed morphologically to MFH-like type in the metastatic site, whereas 2 MFH-like type and 1 small cell-type tumors had changed to osteoblastic type. MIB-1 LI was significantly higher in the metastatic site than in the primary site (primary, 20.02; metastatic, 26.72; P = .0209). Seventeen cases (68%) showed increased nm23 expression in the metastatic site, whereas 2 cases showed reduced expression. nm23 expression was significantly increased in the metastatic site, compared with the primary site (P = .0009). Seven cases (28%) showing negative reaction for c-MET in the primary site showed immunuoreactivity for c-MET in the metastatic site. Although there was no statistical significance, c-MET expression seemed to be more frequent in the metastatic site, compared with the primary site. Among the overall tumors, c-MET-positive tumors showed significantly higher MIB-1 LI, compared with c-MET-negative tumors (negative, 20.99; positive, 27.65; P = .0292). No significant change was observed regarding p53 and MDM2 between the primary and metastatic site. Our results suggest that rather than being a metastasis-suppressor gene, nm23 is in fact correlated with metastatic progression in osteosarcoma. Positive correlation between c-MET expression and proliferative activity also suggests that c-MET expression may play an important role in tumor progression in osteosarcomas.