Resveratrol is absorbed in the small intestine as resveratrol glucuronide

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 May 27;272(1):212-7. doi: 10.1006/bbrc.2000.2750.


We have studied the absorption and metabolism of resveratrol in the jejunum in an isolated rat small intestine model. Only small amounts of resveratrol were absorbed across the enterocytes of the jejunum and ileum unmetabolised. The major compound detected on the serosal side was the glucuronide conjugate of resveratrol (96.5% +/- 4.6 of the amount absorbed) indicating the susceptibility of resveratrol to glucuronidation during transfer across the rat jejunum. The presence of the glucuronide was confirmed using HPLC-PDA and nanoES-MS/MS techniques. These findings suggest that resveratrol is most likely to be in the form of a glucuronide conjugate after crossing the small intestine and entering the blood circulation. This will have important implications for the biological functions of resveratrol in vivo.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / pharmacokinetics*
  • Biological Transport, Active
  • Glucuronides / chemistry
  • Glucuronides / pharmacokinetics
  • Ileum / metabolism
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Intestinal Absorption
  • Intestine, Small / metabolism*
  • Jejunum / metabolism
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Perfusion
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Resveratrol
  • Stilbenes / chemistry
  • Stilbenes / pharmacokinetics*


  • Antioxidants
  • Glucuronides
  • Stilbenes
  • Resveratrol