Active maintenance of mHDA2/mHDAC6 histone-deacetylase in the cytoplasm

Curr Biol. 2000 Jun 15;10(12):747-9. doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(00)00542-x.

Abstract

The intracellular localization, and thereby the function, of a number of key regulator proteins tagged with a short leucine-rich motif (the nuclear export signal or NES) is controlled by CRM1/exportin1, which is involved in the export of these proteins from the nucleus [1]. A common characteristic of these regulators is their transient action in the nucleus during either a specific phase of the cell cycle or in response to specific signals [1]. Here, we show that a particular member of the class II histone-deacetylases mHDA2/mHDAC6 [2] belongs to this family of cellular regulators that are present predominantly in the cytoplasm, but are also capable of shuttling between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. A very potent NES present at the amino terminus of mHDAC6 was found to play an essential role in this shuttling process. The sub-cellular localization of mHDAC6 appeared to be controlled by specific signals, since the arrest of cell proliferation was found to be associated with the translocation of a fraction of the protein into the nucleus. Data presented here suggest that mHDAC6 might be the first member of a functionally distinct class of deacetylases, responsible for activities not shared by other known histone deacetylases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Cytoplasm / enzymology*
  • HeLa Cells
  • Histone Deacetylases / chemistry
  • Histone Deacetylases / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Molecular Sequence Data

Substances

  • Histone Deacetylases