Rhesus monkeys were prepared with stimulating electrodes implanted into the orbitofrontal cortex and head of the caudate nucleus under stereotaxic control. These regions of the brain contain high levels of dopamine, and intracranial self-stimulation was readily elicited from these loci in all animals tested using licking behavior as the operant response. Self-stimulation at both sites was significantly attenuated following peripheral injections of the dopamine receptor blocker spiroperidol (0.02 mg/kg). Similarly, pimozide (0.15 and 0.20 mg/kg) significantly reduced self-stimulation in the orbitofrontal cortex, but the suppression observed at caudate placements did not reach statistical significance. Licking for a reward of blackcurrant juice was unaffected by either drug. Apomorphine (0.2, 0.4 mg/kg) had a differential effect on self-stimulation. This drug significantly attenuated self-stimulation in the orbitofrontal cortex, while the same treatment tended to facilitate self-stimulation in the caudate. Apomorphine did not significantly affect responding for the fruit juice reward. The parallels between the effects of dopamine agonists and antagonists on self-stimulation in the monkey and rat suggest that dopamine influences self-stimulation of some sites in both the primate and the rat.