Purpose: The purpose of this article was to investigate the effect of an additional 1-hour T-piece trial at the level of minimum pressure support (PSmin) on weaning outcome.
Materials and methods: Open, randomized, prospective study of 44 patients who had received mechanical ventilation for more than 3 days.Thirty-six patients satisfied the protocol. There were 42 weaning trials. The patients were randomized into an intervention group (additional 1-hour period of T-piece trial) and a control group (extubation directly) at PSmin. Blood gas analysis and estimation of respiratory and hemodynamic variables were performed at the 15 cm H2O level of pressure support. Measurements were repeated at PSmin and during weaning process (in intervention group).
Results: Mean PSmin level was 7.6 (+/- 1.9) cm H2O. There were no differences in total ventilation time (TVT), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II score, nutritional indices, and respiratory mechanics on PSmin between the two groups. The weaning success rate and the reintubation rate were similar for the intervention group (55% and 18%, respectively) and control group (70% and 20%, respectively). Work of breathing, pressure time product, and tidal volume significantly worsened after a 1-hour T-piece trial when compared with those values measured at PSmin in the intervention group (P < .05). For the combined patient sample, TVT and tidal volume at PSmin were significantly different between the patients with weaning success (246 +/- 195 hours, 0.43 +/- 0.11 L) and those with weaning failure (407 +/- 248 hours, 0.35 +/- 0.10 L) (P < .05 in each).
Conclusion: There were no advantages in weaning outcome by the addition of a 1-hour T-piece trial compared with prompt extubation at PSmin.