Production of volatile derivatives of metal(loid)s by microflora involved in anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000 Jul;66(7):2791-6. doi: 10.1128/AEM.66.7.2791-2796.2000.

Abstract

Gases released from anaerobic wastewater treatment facilities contain considerable amounts of volatile methyl and hydride derivatives of metals and metalloids, such as arsine (AsH(3)), monomethylarsine, dimethylarsine, trimethylarsine, trimethylbismuth (TMBi), elemental mercury (Hg(0)), trimethylstibine, dimethyltellurium, and tetramethyltin. Most of these compounds could be shown to be produced by pure cultures of microorganisms which are representatives of the anaerobic sewage sludge microflora, i.e., methanogenic archaea (Methanobacterium formicicum, Methanosarcina barkeri, Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum), sulfate-reducing bacteria (Desulfovibrio vulgaris, D. gigas), and a peptolytic bacterium (Clostridium collagenovorans). Additionally, dimethylselenium and dimethyldiselenium could be detected in the headspace of most of the pure cultures. This is the first report of the production of TMBi, stibine, monomethylstibine, and dimethylstibine by a pure culture of M. formicicum.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anaerobiosis
  • Antimony / metabolism
  • Archaea / growth & development
  • Archaea / metabolism
  • Arsenic / metabolism
  • Arsenicals / metabolism
  • Biodegradation, Environmental
  • Bismuth / metabolism
  • Clostridium / growth & development
  • Clostridium / metabolism*
  • Desulfovibrio / growth & development
  • Desulfovibrio / metabolism*
  • Euryarchaeota / growth & development
  • Euryarchaeota / metabolism*
  • Metals / metabolism*
  • Organometallic Compounds / metabolism*
  • Selenium / metabolism
  • Sewage / chemistry*
  • Sewage / microbiology*
  • Tellurium / metabolism
  • Volatilization

Substances

  • Arsenicals
  • Metals
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Sewage
  • Antimony
  • Selenium
  • Arsenic
  • Tellurium
  • Bismuth
  • trimethylbismuth