Natriuretic peptides: a new lipolytic pathway in human adipocytes

FASEB J. 2000 Jul;14(10):1345-51.


Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors have been described on rodent adipocytes and expression of their mRNA is found in human adipose tissue. However, no biological effects associated with the stimulation of these receptors have been reported in this tissue. A putative lipolytic effect of natriuretic peptides was investigated in human adipose tissue. On isolated fat cells, ANP and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) stimulated lipolysis as much as isoproterenol, a nonselective beta-adrenergic receptor agonist, whereas C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) had the lowest lipolytic effect. In situ microdialysis experiments confirmed the potent lipolytic effect of ANP in abdominal s.c. adipose tissue of healthy subjects. A high level of ANP binding sites was identified in human adipocytes. The potency order defined in lipolysis (ANP > BNP > CNP) and the ANP-induced cGMP production sustained the presence of type A natriuretic peptide receptor in human fat cells. Activation or inhibition of cGMP-inhibited phosphodiesterase (PDE-3B) (using insulin and OPC 3911, respectively) did not modify ANP-induced lipolysis whereas the isoproterenol effect was decreased or increased. Moreover, inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity (using a mixture of alpha(2)-adrenergic and adenosine A1 agonists receptors) did not change ANP- but suppressed isoproterenol-induced lipolysis. The noninvolvement of the PDE-3B was finally confirmed by measuring its activity under ANP stimulation. Thus, we demonstrate that natriuretic peptides are a new pathway controlling human adipose tissue lipolysis operating via a cGMP-dependent pathway that does not involve PDE-3B inhibition and cAMP production.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 3',5'-Cyclic-AMP Phosphodiesterases / metabolism
  • Adipocytes / drug effects*
  • Adipocytes / metabolism*
  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists / pharmacology
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / metabolism
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor / pharmacology*
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Cyclic AMP / metabolism
  • Cyclic GMP / metabolism
  • Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 3
  • Female
  • Humans
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Isoproterenol / pharmacology
  • Kinetics
  • Lipolysis / drug effects*
  • Lipolysis / physiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / metabolism
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain / pharmacology
  • Natriuretic Peptide, C-Type / pharmacology


  • Adrenergic beta-Agonists
  • Natriuretic Peptide, Brain
  • Natriuretic Peptide, C-Type
  • Atrial Natriuretic Factor
  • Cyclic AMP
  • 3',5'-Cyclic-AMP Phosphodiesterases
  • Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 3
  • Cyclic GMP
  • Isoproterenol