Plasmid and chromosome segregation in prokaryotes

Trends Microbiol. 2000 Jul;8(7):313-20. doi: 10.1016/s0966-842x(00)01787-x.


Recent major advances in the understanding of prokaryotic DNA segregation have been achieved by using fluorescence microscopy to visualize the localization of cellular components. Plasmids and bacterial chromosomes are partitioned in a highly dynamic fashion, suggesting the presence of a mitotic-like apparatus in prokaryotes. The identification of chromosomal homologues of the well-characterized plasmid partitioning genes indicates that there could be a general mechanism of bacterial DNA partitioning.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bacteria / genetics*
  • Chromosome Segregation*
  • Chromosomes, Bacterial / genetics*
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics*
  • Plasmids / genetics*


  • DNA, Bacterial