A Regulatory Link Between ER-associated Protein Degradation and the Unfolded-Protein Response

Nat Cell Biol. 2000 Jul;2(7):379-84. doi: 10.1038/35017001.

Abstract

Ubiquitin conjugation during endoplasmic-reticulum-associated degradation (ERAD) depends on the activity of Ubc7. Here we show that Ubc1 acts as a further ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme in this pathway. Absence of both enzymes results in marked stabilization of an ERAD substrate and induction of the unfolded-protein response (UPR). Furthermore, basic ERAD activity is sufficient to eliminate unfolded proteins under normal conditions. However, when stress is applied, the UPR is required to increase ERAD activity. We thus demonstrate, for the first time, a regulatory loop between ERAD and the UPR, which is essential for normal growth of yeast cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Carboxypeptidases / metabolism
  • Cathepsin A
  • Cell Division
  • Dithiothreitol / pharmacology
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / metabolism*
  • Epistasis, Genetic
  • Fungal Proteins / chemistry*
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Genes, Fungal / genetics
  • Genes, Lethal / genetics
  • Half-Life
  • Ligases / genetics
  • Ligases / metabolism
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Membrane Glycoproteins / metabolism
  • Phenotype
  • Protein Conformation / drug effects
  • Protein Denaturation
  • Protein Folding*
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases*
  • Proteins / genetics
  • Proteins / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / cytology*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / enzymology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins*
  • Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes*
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases*
  • Up-Regulation / drug effects

Substances

  • Fungal Proteins
  • Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Proteins
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • UBC1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • UBE2L3 protein, human
  • Ubiquitin-Conjugating Enzymes
  • HRD1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • IRE1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • Carboxypeptidases
  • Cathepsin A
  • Ligases
  • Dithiothreitol