High-glycemic index foods, hunger, and obesity: is there a connection?

Nutr Rev. 2000 Jun;58(6):163-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2000.tb01855.x.


The relative importance of different dietary causes of obesity remains controversial. This review examines whether consumption of high-glycemic index (GI) carbohydrates may be a contributing factor. Although data from long-term studies are lacking, short-term investigations indicate that consumption of high-GI carbohydrates may increase hunger and promote overeating relative to consumption of items with a lower GI. As long-term research on GI and weight regulation accumulates, consumption of whole grain and lower GI cereals instead of highly refined cereals is a dietary change that may help prevent overeating and is consistent with current dietary guidelines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage*
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hunger / physiology*
  • Obesity* / etiology*
  • Satiation / physiology
  • Starch / administration & dosage
  • Starch / chemistry


  • Blood Glucose
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Starch